What are the Galungan and Kuningan Balinese Celebrations?

bali ceremony street penjor bamboo poles

Some of you may come to Bali for the Christmas season of this year (2018), and found surprising celebrations going all around Bali, for the 26th December. But beware, as THEY ARE NOT doing it for Christmas at all, as they don’t even celebrate! It is only a coincidence, if this year, our Xmas celebration is very close to one of their celebration, who happen every 6 months. The date is calculated according to the 210-day Balinese calendar.

Start Wednesday 26 December
End Saturday 5 January

Galungan is a Balinese holiday which celebrates the victory of dharma (good) over adharma ( evil). It marks the time when ancestral spirits of dead relatives visit the Earth. The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, 10 days later, when they leave earth. The spirits of deceased relatives return to visit their former homes and the Balinese have a responsibility to be hospitable and welcoming to their past ancestors, through prayers and offerings throughout their home. The most obvious sign of the celebrations is the penjor – bamboo poles with offerings suspended at the end which line the roads, symbol of prosperity. If you are lucky to be in Bali at this time, you will enjoy all those decorations around the streets, and see families gathering to the temple.
BEWARE! It is a Family event. Do not enter the temple without one of your Balinese friend inviting you, and appropriate clothes (your sarron, and shoulders covered. And sometimes matching a code colour).

Praying at the temple, the Balinese put on their finest traditional clothes to attend temple prayers with their families and bring offerings to share and enjoy after praying. It is a day to remind themselves of the long lineage of their ancestors and beautiful story they are a part of. The Balinese reconnect and renew their commitment to trying to make tomorrow a better day, trying to make themselves better each day. All the local temples are very crowded and colourful on Galungan, a beautiful time to observe the most fascinating part of Bali’s spiritual culture.

bali offering fruits temple ceremony

3 days before – Penyekeban – Cooking of bananas for offerings
Families begin their preparations for Galungan. “Penyekeban” means “the day to cover up “, as this is the day when green bananas are covered up in huge clay pots to speed their ripening.

2 days before – Penyajaan – Making of jaja (fried rice cakes) for offerings
Marks a time of introspection for Balinese and a time to make the Balinese rice cakes known as jaja. These coloured cakes, made of fried rice dough are used in offerings and eaten on Galungan.

1 day before – Penampahan – Sacrificing of pigs or chicken for feasts
The day before Galungan, pigs and chickens are blessed and ceremonially slaughtered to make food for Galungan including lawar, a kind of spicy salad and sate.

Galungan day – Praying at the temple
This is the climax of Galungan, the Balinese put on their finest traditional clothes to attend temple prayers with their families and bring offerings to share and enjoy after praying. It is a day to remind themselves of the long lineage of their ancestors and beautiful story they are a part of. The Balinese reconnect and renew their commitment to trying to make tomorrow a better day, trying to make themselves better each day. All the local temples are very crowded and colourful on Galungan, a beautiful time to observe the most fascinating part of Bali’s spiritual culture.

1 day after – Manis Galungan – Visiting family
This day is dedicated to spending time with family and visiting the extended family who may live in other parts of Bali. The roads are busy as many people are travelling and visiting sights together – i.e. going on a day trip together to the botanical gardens in Bedugul.
10 days after Galungan – Kuningan – Prayers, offerings – spirits return to heaven
After the Galungan period, the deceased spirits and ancestors leave their home and return. Hindu deities including Sang Hyang Widi, the Supreme God also visits to give blessings to all the people on earth.

11 days after – Manis Kuningan – Fun
This is the day after Kuningan where people spend their time with family and loved ones, mostly in their hometown. There are no religious ceremonies during this day, yet you can see the festivities from people celebrating the rest of the holiday and time off with their friends and family.
Upcoming Galungan and Kuningan dates:
Galungan 2018 – December 26th, Kuningan 2019 – January 5th
Galungan 2019 – July 24th, Kuningan 2019 – August 3rd
Galungan 2020 – February 19th, Kuningan 2020 – February 29th
Galungan 2020 – September 16th, Kuningan 2020 – September 26
Pieces of information have been gathered from Balinese friends, wikipedia, and some very good Indonesians newsletters as you can find here and there, in the vast web of the net! (But still thanks very much!)

 

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